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Hydrogen Deployment System (HyDS) Model and Analysis

Project Summary

Full Title: Hydrogen Deployment System (HyDS) Model and Analysis
Previous Title(s): WinDS-H2 Model and Analysis
Project ID: 100
Principal Investigator: Walter Short
Brief Description: The HyDS Modeling Environment, or HyDS ME, is a GIS-based infrastructure optimization model. The model combines existing cash flow models, GIS capability, and an optimization routine to determine the layout of a least-cost infrastructure.
Keywords: Hydrogen production; electrolysis; costs; fuel cells

Purpose

Initially, electrolytic H2 production was added to a national electricity capacity expansion model to determine the loads induced on the electric grid by H2 electrolytic production, the use of fuel cells for peaking power, and the cost/benefit associated with electrolyzers colocated with wind farms. As the project progressed, a minimum spanning tree algorithm was developed to account for production and delivery economy of scale, geographic extent, and natural gas price forecasts.

Performer

Principal Investigator: Walter Short
Organization:National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Address:1617 Cole Blvd.
Golden, CO 80401
Telephone:303-384-7368
Email:Walter_Short@nrel.gov

Sponsor(s)

Name:Fred Joseck
Organization:DOE/EERE/HFCIT
Telephone:202-586-7932
Email:Fred.Joseck@ee.doe.gov

Period of Performance

Start: October 2003
End: September 2007

Project Description

Type of Project: Model
Category: Cross-Cutting, Energy Infrastructure, Hydrogen Fuel Pathways
Objectives: HyDS is a multi-regional, multi-time period model that enables accurate tracking of H2 transport and electricity transmission from remote wind sites, accounts for the intermittency of wind, and considers competition with other distributed sources of H2 production (distributed electrolysis and steam methane reforming).
Analytical Objectives
  • Identify the regions in the U.S. that have the greatest potential for employing wind turbines to produce both electricity and hydrogen, and the conditions and time frame under which they are likely to become economical.
  • Identify the opportunities for reducing system cost, by designing hybrid wind-based systems specifically for the production of hydrogen and electricity.
  • Determine the technologies that will be used to provide hydrogen during the transition to a hydrogen economy.
  • Understand the cost reductions and performance improvements that will be required to make hydrogen technologies come on-line sooner.
  • Determine what external influences/polices will enable hydrogen technologies to come on-line sooner.
Methodology/Approach: The HyDS ME uses a modified minimum spanning tree algorithm to compete different production and delivery technologies to determine a least-cost solution.
Timeframe Studied: 2005 - 2050

Products/Deliverables

 
  • Description: FY 2009 Progress Report
    Publication Title: FY 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program Progress Report
    Article/Abstract Title: VII.7 Hydrogen Deployment System Modeling Environment (HyDS-ME)
    Page number(s): 1291
    Publisher: U.S. Department of Energy
    Author Name(s): Bush; Brian; Melaina, Marc; Sozinova, Olga
    (PDF 457 KB) Download Adobe Reader.
    Publication Date: November 2009

  • Description: FY 2009 Merit Review Presentation
    Article/Abstract Title: Hydrogen Deployment SystemModeling Environment (HyDS-ME)
    Author Name(s): Bush, Brian W.
    (PDF 1.3 MB) Download Adobe Reader.
    Publication Date: May 2009

  • Description: FY 2006 Progress Report
    Publication Title: FY 2006 DOE Hydrogen Program Progress Report
    Article/Abstract Title: VIII.4 Energy Systems Analysis: HyDS Modeling Environment
    Page number(s): 1093
    Publisher: U.S. Department of Energy
    Author Name(s): Parks, Keith; Milbrandt, Anelia; Davies, Kenneth
    (PDF 807 KB) Download Adobe Reader.
    Publication Date: November 2006

  • Description: FY 2005 Progress Report
    Publication Title: FY 2005 DOE Hydrogen Program Progress Report
    Article/Abstract Title: III.4 Energy Systems Analysis: Hydrogen Deployment System Modeling
    Page number(s): 35
    Publisher: U.S. Department of Energy
    Author Name(s): Short, Walter; Parks, Keith
    (PDF 160 KB) Download Adobe Reader.
    Publication Date: November 2005

  • Description: 2005 DOE Program Review Presentation
    Article/Abstract Title: WinDS-H2 Model and Analysis
    Author Name(s): Short, Walter; Blair, Nate; Heimiller, Donna; Parks, Keith
    (PDF 1.1 MB) Download Adobe Reader.
    Publication Date: March 2005

  • Description: FY 2004 Progress Report
    Publication Title: FY 2004 DOE Hydrogen Program Progress Report
    Article/Abstract Title: II.I.3 WinDS-H2 Model and Analysis
    Page number(s): 157
    Publisher: U.S. Department of Energy
    Author Name(s): Short, Walter; Heimiller, Donna; Berlinski, Michael; Blair, Nate
    (PDF 237 KB) Download Adobe Reader.
    Publication Date: November 2004



Date Last Updated: 01/01/2011