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Gasification-Based Fuels and Electricity Production from Biomass

Project Summary

Full Title: Gasification-Based Fuels and Electricity Production from Biomass, without and with Carbon Capture and Storage
Project ID: 226
Principal Investigator: Eric D. Larson
Keywords: Biomass; Fischer Tropsch; hydrogen

Purpose

Develop and analyze process designs for gasification-based thermochemical conversion of switchgrass into Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) fuels, dimethyl ether (DME), and hydrogen. All process designs will have some level of co-production of electricity, and some will include capture of byproduct CO2 for underground storage.

Performer

Principal Investigator: Eric D. Larson
Organization:Princeton University
Telephone:609-258-4966
Email:elarson@princeton.edu
Additional Performers: Fuat E. Celik, Princeton University; Haiming Jin, Dartmouth College

Project Description

Type of Project: Analysis
Category: Hydrogen Fuel Pathways
Objectives: Design processes for gasification-based thermochemical conversion of switchgrass into Fischer-Tropsch fuels, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen; Calculate mass and energy balances for these processes; Estimate production cost for these processes
Methodology/Approach: Heat and mass balances using Apsen Plus and Pinch; inputs based on extensive literature review and discussion with experts
Models Used: Aspen Plus; Pinch; Princeton calibrated cost database
Outputs: Energy and carbon balance; capital and production costs

Products/Deliverables

 
  • Description: Report
    Publication Title: Gasification-Based Fuels and Electricity Production from Biomass, without and with Carbon Capture and Storage
    Author Name(s): Larson, Eric D.; Jin, Haiming; Celik, Fuat E.
    (PDF 1.7 MB) Download Adobe Reader.
    Publication Date: October 2005

  • Description: Presentation
    Publication Title: Hydrogen and Electricity from Biomass with and without CCS
    Publication Notes: Fifth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture & Sequestration
    Author Name(s): Larson, Eric D.; Jin, Haiming
    Publication Date: May 2005



Date Last Updated: 04/01/2008