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Home > Library > Annual Progress Reports > 2007 > Fuel Cells

2007 Annual Progress Report

V. Fuel Cells

This section of the 2007 Progress Report for the DOE Hydrogen Program focuses on fuel cells. Each technical report is available as an individual Adobe Acrobat PDF. Download Adobe Reader.

Fuel Cells Sub-Program Overview, Nancy L. Garland, U.S. Department of Energy (PDF 160 KB)

A. Analysis/Characterization

  1. Fuel Cell Systems Analysis, Rajesh K. Ahluwalia, Argonne National Laboratory (PDF 291 KB)
  2. Neutron Imaging Study of the Water Transport in Operating Fuel Cells, Muhammad Arif, National Institute of Standards and Technology (PDF 772 KB)
  3. Microstructural Characterization Of PEM Fuel Cell MEAs, Karren L. More, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (PDF 928 KB)
  4. Applied Science for Electrode Cost, Performance, and Durability, Bryan Pivovar, Los Alamos National Laboratory (PDF 496 KB)
  5. Cost Analysis of Fuel Cell Stack/Systems, Stephen Lasher, TIAX LLC (PDF 450 KB)
  6. Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications, Brian D. James, Directed Technologies, Inc. (PDF 863 KB)
  7. Component Benchmarking - Subtask Reported: USFCC Durability Protocol Development and Technical Assistance to Fuel Cell Component Developers, Tommy Rockward, Los Alamos National Laboratory (PDF 114 KB)
  8. Montana Palladium Research Initiative: Detection of Trace Platinum Group Element Particulates with Laser Spectroscopy, S.C. Snyder, Montana State University-Billings (PDF 93 KB)
  9. Fuel Cell Testing at Argonne National Laboratory, Ira Bloom, Argonne National Laboratory (PDF 332 KB)
  10. Development of Novel Proton Conducting Membrane Materials and CFD Multi-Phase Porous Flow Models for PEM Fuel Cells, K.J. Berry, Kettering University (PDF 501 KB)
  11. PEM Fuel Cell Freeze Durability and Cold Start Project, Tim Patterson, UTC Power (PDF 474 KB)
  12. Montana Palladium Research Initiative: PEMFC Field Trials, Dr. David McGinnis, Montana State University-Billings (PDF 446 KB)

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B. Bipolar Plates

  1. Next Generation Bipolar Plates for Automotive PEM Fuel Cells, Orest L. Adrianowycz, GrafTech International Ltd. (PDF 240 KB)
  2. Nitrided Metallic Bipolar Plates, Michael P. Brady, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (PDF 200 KB)
  3. Carbon-Carbon Bipolar Plates, David Haack, Porvair Advanced Materials, Inc. (PDF 568 KB)

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C. BOP

  1. Complex Coolant Fluid for PEM Fuel Cells, Satish C. Mohapatra, Dynalene Inc. (PDF 520 KB)

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D. Catalysts

  1. Nanostructured, Metal-Ion Modified Ceria and Zirconia Oxidation Catalysts, Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, Tufts University (PDF 308 KB)
  2. Nanostructured Metal Carbide Catalysts for the Hydrogen Economy, Ram Seshadri, University of California (PDF 884 KB)
  3. Development and Mechanistic Characterization of Alloy Fuel Cell Catalysts, Anders Nilsson, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (PDF 422 KB)
  4. Atomic-Scale Design of a New Class of Alloy Catalysts for Reactions Involving Hydrogen: A Theoretical and Experimental Approach, Manos Mavrikakis, University of Wisconsin-Madison (PDF 140 KB)
  5. Metal and Metal Oxide-Supported Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction, Radoslav Adzic, Brookhaven National Laboratory (PDF 287 KB)
  6. Strategies for Probing Nanometer-Scale Electrocatalysts: From Single Particles to Catalyst-Membrane Architectures, Carol Korzeniewski, Texas Tech University (PDF 507 KB)
  7. Reactivity and Stability of Multimetallic Nanocatalysts in Acid Medium, Perla B. Balbuena, Texas A&M University (PDF 147 KB)
  8. Studies of Model Electrocatalysts for Fuel-Cell Cathodes, H. You, Argonne National Laboratory (PDF 783 KB)
  9. High Performance Nano-Crystalline Oxide Fuel Cell Materials: Defects, Structures, Interfaces, Transport, and Electrochemistry, S.A. Barnett, Northwestern University (PDF 162 KB)
  10. Silane Activation by Transition Metal Catalysts for Hydrogen Storage, Mahdi M. Abu-Omar, Purdue University (PDF 346 KB)
  11. Nanoscale Building Blocks for Multi-Electron Electrocatalysis, Gilbert M. Brown, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (PDF 407 KB)
  12. eNMR for In-Situ Fuel Cell Catalyst Characterization, Daniel A. Buttry, University of Wyoming (PDF 546 KB)
  13. Nanostructured Catalysts for Hydrogen Generation from Renewable Feedstocks, Abhaya Datye, University of New Mexico (PDF 721 KB)
  14. Novel Intermetallic Catalysts to Enhance PEM Membrane Durability, Francis J. DiSalvo, Cornell University (PDF 580 KB)
  15. Nanoporous Metal Membranes with Monolayer-Thick Precious Metal Catalyst Skins, Jonah Erlebacher, Johns Hopkins University (PDF 197 KB)
  16. A Surface Stress Paradigm for Studying and Developing Catalyst and Storage Materials Relevant to the Hydrogen Economy, C. Friesen, Arizona State University (PDF 2.2 KB)
  17. Cathode Catalysis in Hydrogen/Oxygen Fuel Cells, Andrew A. Gewirth, University of Illinois (PDF 207 KB)
  18. Hydrogen Storage Materials with Binding Intermediate Between Physisorption and Chemisorption, Gregory J. Kubas, Los Alamos National Laboratory (PDF 142 KB)
  19. Novel Reforming Catalysts, Lisa Pfefferle, Yale University (PDF 389 KB)
  20. Instability of Noble Metal Catalysts in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Experiments and Theory, Yang Shao-Horn, MIT (PDF 490 KB)
  21. Nanostructured Catalysts for Fuel Cells, Shane Street, University of Alabama (PDF 437 KB)
  22. Dehydrogenation of Boron Nanostructures, Michael Trenary, University of Illinois at Chicago (PDF 538 KB)
  23. Multiscale Tailoring of Highly Active and Stable Nanocomposite Catalysts for the Production of Clean Hydrogen Streams, Gotz Veser, University of Pittsburgh (PDF 352 KB)
  24. An Integrated Approach Toward Rational Nanocatalyst Design For Hydrogen Production, Dionisios (Dion) Vlachos, University of Delaware (PDF 651 KB)
  25. The Reactivity and Structural Dynamics of Supported Metal Nanoclusters Using Electron Microscopy, in situ X-Ray Spectroscopy, Electronic Structure Theories, and Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Judith Yang, University of Pittsburgh (PDF 479 KB)

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E. Catalysts

  1. Novel Approach to Non-Precious Metal Catalysts, Radoslav Atanasoski, 3M Company (PDF 712 KB)
  2. Novel Non-Precious Metals Catalysts for PEMFC: Catalyst Selection through Molecular Modeling and Durability Studies, Branko N. Popov, University of South Carolina (PDF 594 KB)
  3. Combinatorial Method for Developing Cathode Catalysts for Fuel Cells, Keith D. Kepler, Farasis Energy, Inc. (PDF 551 KB)
  4. Advanced Cathode Catalysts and Supports for PEM Fuel Cells, Mark K. Debe, 3M Company (PDF 432 KB)
  5. Highly Dispersed Alloy Cathode Catalyst for Durability, Tom Jarvi, UTC Power (PDF 247 KB)
  6. Advanced Cathode Catalysts, Piotr Zelenay, Los Alamos National Laboratory (PDF 687 KB)
  7. Non-Platinum Bimetallic Cathode Electrocatalysts, Deborah J. Myers, Argonne National Laboratory (PDF 449 KB)
  8. Development of Alternative and Durable High Performance Cathode Supports for PEM Fuel Cells, Yong Wang, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PDF 332 KB)

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F. Cross-Cutting

  1. Fuel Cell Research at the University of South Carolina, John W. Van Zee, University of South Carolina (PDF 769 KB)

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G. Demonstration

  1. International Stationary Fuel Cell Demonstration, John Vogel, Plug Power (PDF 266 KB)
  2. Stationary Fuel Cell System Development/Demonstration, Troy H. Scriven, Plug Power, Inc. (PDF 82 KB)

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H. Distributed Energy

  1. Development and Demonstration of a New-Generation High Efficiency 2-5 kW Stationary Fuel Cell System, Durai Swamy, Intelligent Energy (PDF 109 KB)

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I. Electrolysis

  1. Development and Test of Low-Cost Co-Production of Hydrogen and Electricity, Fred Mitlitsky, Bloom Energy Corporation (PDF 641 KB)

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J. Hardware

  1. Low Cost Durable Seals for PEMFC, Jason Parsons, UTC Power (PDF 247 KB)

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K. Impurities

  1. Effects of Impurities on Fuel Cell Performance and Durability, Trent M. Molter, University of Connecticut (PDF 122 KB)
  2. Effects of Impurities on Fuel Cell Performance and Durability, James G. Goodwin, Jr., Clemson University (PDF 664 KB)
  3. Effects of Fuel and Air Impurities on PEM Fuel Cell Performance, Fernando H. Garzon, Los Alamos National Laboratory (PDF 514 KB)

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L. Innovative Concepts

  1. Development of a 5 kW Prototype Coal-Based Fuel Cell, Steven S.C. Chuang, University of Akron (PDF 131 KB)
  2. Adaptive Stack With Subdivided Cells for Improved Stability, Reliability, and Durability Under Automotive Load Cycle, Bin Du, Plug Power, Inc. (PDF 144 KB)
  3. Light-Weight, Low Cost PEM Fuel Cell Stacks, Jesse S. Wainright, Case Western Reserve University (PDF 136 KB)
  4. Low-Cost Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management, Ward TeGrotenhuis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PDF 241 KB)
  5. PEMFC Using Aligned Carbon Nanotubes as Electrodes in MEA, Di-Jai Lu, Argonne National Laboratory (PDF 697 KB)

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M. Membranes

  1. Improved, Low-Cost, Durable Fuel Cell Membranes, Michel Foure, Arkema Inc. (PDF 331 KB)
  2. Membranes and MEA's for Dry, Hot Operating Conditions, Steven Hamrock, 3M Company (PDF 238 KB)
  3. New Polyelectrolyte Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells, John B. Kerr, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (PDF 548 KB)
  4. Development of Polybenzimidazole-Based High Temperature Membrane and Electrode Assemblies for Stationary Applications, John Vogel, Plug Power (PDF 391 KB)
  5. Development of a Low-Cost, Durable Membrane and Membrane Electrode Assembly for Stationary and Mobile Fuel Cell Application, Michel Foure, Arkema Inc. (PDF 567 KB)
  6. MEA and Stack Durability for PEM Fuel Cells, Michael Yandrasits, 3M Company (PDF 645 KB)
  7. Improved Membrane Materials for PEM Fuel Cell Applications, Kenneth A. Mauritz, University of Southern Mississippi (PDF 358 KB)
  8. Poly(p-phenylene sulfonic acids): PEMs with Frozen-In Free Volume, Morton Litt, Case Western Reserve University (PDF 463 KB)
  9. Poly(cyclohexadiene)-Based Polymer Electrolyte Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications, Jimmy W. Mays, University of Tennessee (PDF 485 KB)
  10. Microstructural Design and Development of High Performance Polymer Electrolyte Membranes, Denise Katona, Chemsultants International Inc. (PDF 535 KB)
  11. Lead Research and Development Activity for DOE's High Temperature, Low Relative Humidity Membrane Program (HTMWG) Year 1 Annual Report, Darlene K. Slattery, University of Central Florida (PDF 380 KB)
  12. Protic Salt Polymer Membranes: High-Temperature Water-Free Proton-Conducting Membranes, Don Gervasio, Arizona State University (PDF 461 KB)
  13. Novel Approaches to Immobilized Heteropoly Acid (HPA) Systems for High Temperature, Low Relative Humidity Polymer-Type Membranes, Andrew Herring, Colorado School of Mines (PDF 1.5 KB)
  14. High Temperature Membrane With Humidification-Independent Cluster Structure, Ludwig Lipp, FuelCell Energy, Inc. (PDF 568 KB)
  15. Design and Development of High Performance Polymer Fuel Cell Membranes , Ryo Tamaki, GE Global Research (PDF 736 KB)
  16. Fluoroalkylphosphonic Acid-based Proton Conductors, Stephen Creager, Clemson University (PDF 555 KB)
  17. Dimensionally Stable Membranes, Cortney Mittelsteadt, Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC (PDF 481 KB)
  18. New Proton Conductive Composite Materials with Co-Continuous Phases Using Functionalized and Crosslinkable VDF/CTFE Fluoropolymers, Serguei Lvov, Pennsylvania State University (PDF 415 KB)
  19. Advanced Materials for Proton Exchange Membranes, James E. McGrath, Virginia Tech (PDF 1.2 MB)
  20. Dimensionally Stable High Performance Membrane, Han Liu, Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC (PDF 702 KB)
  21. NanoCapillary Network Proton Conducting Membranes for High Temperature Hydrogen/Air Fuel Cells, Peter N. Pintauro, Case Western Reserve University (PDF 1.0 MB)

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N. Membranes

  1. Transport Phenomena and Interfacial Kinetics in Planar Microfluidic Membraneless Fuel Cells, Hector D. Abruna, Cornell University (PDF 763 KB)
  2. The Development of Nano-Composite Electrodes for Natural Gas-Assisted Steam Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production, Raymond J. Gorte, University of Pennsylvania (PDF 102 KB)
  3. Nanocomposite Proton Conductors, Lutgard C. De Jonghe, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (PDF 126 KB)
  4. Proton Exchange Membranes for Next Generation Fuel Cells, Joseph DeSimone, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (PDF 140 KB)
  5. Water Nanochannels in Nafion®: Quantitative Scattering Analysis and NMR, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Iowa State University (PDF 341 KB)
  6. Charge Transfer, Transport, and Reactivity in Complex Molecular Environments: Theoretical Studies for the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative, Michel Dupuis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PDF 633 KB)
  7. Polymer Functionalized Zeolite Proton Exchange Membrane (PFZ-PEM) for Medium Temperature (>120°C) Fuel Cells from Theory, Simulation, and Experiment, William A. Goddard III, California Institute of Technology (PDF 348 KB)
  8. Computer Simulation of Proton Transport in Fuel Cell Membranes, Gregory A. Voth, Department of Chemistry (PDF 92 KB)
  9. Porous and Glued Langmuir-Blodgett Membranes, Steven L. Regen, Lehigh University (PDF 291 KB)
  10. Sol-Gel Based Polybenzimidazole Membranes for Hydrogen Pumping Devices, Brian C. Benicewicz, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (PDF 87 KB)
  11. New Proton-Conducting Fluoropolymer Electrolytes for PEM Fuel Cells, Stephen E. Creager, Clemson University (PDF 302 KB)
  12. Hydrogen Purification Using Advanced Polymeric Membranes, Benny D. Freeman, University of Texas at Austin (PDF 116 KB)
  13. Carbon Nanotube Materials for Substrate Enhanced Control of Catalytic Activity, Michael J. Heben, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (PDF 223 KB)
  14. Surface-Initiated Ionomer Films Based on Modified Poly(n-alkylnorbornene)s, G. Kane Jennings, Vanderbilt University (PDF 104 KB)
  15. A Unified Computational, Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Proton Transport through the Electrode/Electrolyte Interface of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Systems, David J. Keffer, University of Tennessee (PDF 389 KB)
  16. Fundamentals of Hydroxide Conducting Systems for Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers, Bryan Pivovar, Los Alamos National Laboratory (PDF 112 KB)
  17. Ab Initio Screening of Ternary Alloys for Hydrogen Purification, David S. Sholl, Carnegie Mellon University (PDF 114 KB)
  18. Electrostatically Self-assembled Amphiplexes, Helmut H. Strey, Stony Brook University (PDF 327 KB)
  19. Theory, Modeling, and Simulation of Ion Transport in Ionomer Membranes, Philip L. Taylor, Case Western Reserve University (PDF 1.0 MB)
  20. Preparation of Composite Fuel Cell Membranes Containing Electric Field Aligned Inorganic Particles, Matthew Yates, University of Rochester (PDF 1.0 MB)

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O. Portable Power

  1. Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronic Applications, Robert K. Sievers, MTI Micro Fuel Cells (PDF 327 KB)

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P. Recycling

  1. Platinum Recycling Technology Development, Dr. Stephen Grot, Ion Power, Inc. (PDF 154 KB)
  2. Platinum Group Metal Recycling Technology Development, Lawrence Shore, BASF Catalysts LLC (PDF 346 KB)
  3. Market Opportunity Assessment for Direct Hydrogen PEM Fuel Cells in Pre-Automotive Markets, Kathya Mahadevan, Battelle Memorial Institute (PDF 358 KB)

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Q. Water Management

  1. CIRRUS - Subfreezing Start/Stop Protocol for an Advanced Metallic Open-Flowfield Fuel Cell Stack, James Cross, Nuvera Fuel Cells Inc. (PDF 537 KB)

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R. Water Transport

  1. Visualization of Fuel Cell Water Transport and Performance Characterization under Freezing Conditions, Satish Kandlikar, Rochester Institute of Technology (PDF 221 KB)
  2. Water Transport in PEM Fuel Cells: Advanced Modeling, Material Selection, Testing, and Design Optimization, J. Vernon Cole, CFD Research Corporation (PDF 110 KB)
  3. Water Transport Exploratory Studies, Rod Borup, Los Alamos National Laboratory (PDF 955 KB)

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