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Budget information for hydrogen and fuel cell research, development, and other activities at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is provided here. Included are budgets for DOE's offices of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Fossil Energy, Nuclear Energy, Science, and Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy (ARPA-E).

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Budget ($ in thousands)

OfficeEnergy Efficiency and Renewable EnergyFossil EnergyaNuclear EnergyScienceARPA-ETotal
FY04144,8814,8796,2010.0b 155,961
FY05166,72216,5188,68229,183 221,105
FY06153,45121,03624,05732,500 231,044
FY07189,51184,91318,85536,388 329,667
FY08206,24170,8919,66836,483 323,283
FY09195,86578,1517,34038,284 319,640
FY10170,297 63,9705,000 38,053  277,320
FY1195,84760,8942,800 34,611  194,152
FY12101,72525,000027,466 153,553
FY1395,84523,800025,769 145,414
FY1489,51825,000019,922 134,440
FY1594,83030,000018,499 143,329


The budgets reflect rescissions, general reductions, and other adjustments included in relevant appropriations. Congressionally directed spending included in appropriations:

  • Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy—FY04: $42.0M; FY05: $40.2M; FY06: $42.5M; FY09: $22.7M (additional funds not included in appropriation)
  • Fossil Energy—FY05: $3.0M
  • Nuclear Energy—FY04: $2.0M; FY05: $4.0M; FY06: $5.0M

a All FE numbers include funding for program direction.
b Base funding for hydrogen-related activities in Basic Energy Sciences was roughly $8 million in 2004. These activities were reoriented and expanded to support the goals of the Hydrogen Fuel Cell Initiative in 2005.