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Policies and Acts

The following policies and acts contain significant hydrogen- and fuel cell-related provisions that guide and provide support for the DOE Hydrogen Program.

  • The U.S. National Clean Hydrogen Strategy and Roadmap explores opportunities for clean hydrogen to contribute to national decarbonization goals across multiple sectors of the economy. It provides a snapshot of hydrogen production, transport, storage, and use in the United States today and presents a strategic framework for achieving large-scale production and use of clean hydrogen, examining scenarios for 2030, 2040, and 2050. The Strategy and Roadmap responds to legislative language set forth in section 40314 of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (Public Law 117-58), also known as the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL). This document was posted for in draft form for public comment in September 2022, and the final version of the report was informed by stakeholder feedback, further analysis on market liftoff, as well as engagement across several federal agencies and the White House Climate Policy Office.

  • DOE released an updated guidance document containing DOE's proposal for a Clean Hydrogen Production Standard (CHPS), developed to meet the requirements of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021, also known as the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), Section 40315. The updated guidance takes into account feedback received during the public comment period in response to the draft guidance document issued in September 2022. 

  • The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) includes provisions to move the United States toward greater energy independence and security, increase production of clean renewable fuels, protect consumers, increase product, building, and vehicle efficiency, promote research on and deploy greenhouse gas capture and storage options, and improve the energy performance of the federal government.

  • The Energy Policy Act of 2005 directed the Energy Secretary to conduct a research and development program—in consultation with other federal agencies and the private sector—on technologies related to the production, purification, distribution, storage, and use of hydrogen energy, fuel cells, and related infrastructure.

  • The Energy Policy Act of 1992 directed the Energy Secretary to develop and implement a comprehensive research, development, and demonstration program for fuel cells and related transportation system applications.

  • Additional background information.