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2019 Annual Progress Report

Fuel Cell R&D

This section of the 2019 Annual Progress Report for the DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program focuses on fuel cell research and development (R&D).

Fuel Cell R&D Subprogram Overview, U.S. Department of Energy

Catalysts and Electrodes

  1. Tailored High-Performance Low-Platinum-Group-Metal Alloy Cathode Catalysts, Vojislav Stamenkovic, Argonne National Laboratory
  2. Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts, Jia Wang, Brookhaven National Laboratory
  3. Highly Active, Durable, and Ultra-Low-Platinum-Group-Metal Nanostructured Thin Film Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts and Supports, Andrew Steinbach, 3M Company
  4. Highly Accessible Catalysts for Durable High-Power Performance, Anusorn Kongkanand, General Motors
  5. Corrosion-Resistant Non-Carbon Electrocatalyst Supports for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Vijay Ramani, Washington University in St. Louis
  6. Advanced Electrocatalysts Through Crystallographic Enhancement, Jacob Spendelow, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  7. Vapor Deposition Process for Engineering of Dispersed Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Oxygen Reduction Reaction Pt/NbOx/C Catalysts, Jim Waldecker, Ford Motor Company
  8. FY18 SBIR Phase II Release 1: Multi-Functional Catalyst Support, Minette Ocampo, pH Matter LLC
  9. Developing Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Acid: Beyond the Single Metal Site, Qingying Jia, Northeastern University
  10. Mesoporous Carbon-Based Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Catalyst Membrane Electrode Assemblies, Jian Xie, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis
  11. Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assemblies with Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Nanofiber Cathodes, Peter Pintauro, Vanderbilt University
  12. Active and Durable Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Cathodic Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cell Application, Alexey Serov, Pajarito Powder
  13. High-Performance Non-Platinum-Group-Metal Transition Metal Oxide Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Timothy Davenport, United Technologies Research Center
  14. Lab Call FY19: Accessible Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Catalysts and Electrodes: ElectroCat, Jacob Spendelow, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  15. Lab Call FY19: Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Electrode Structures with Encased Catalysts to Eliminate Ionomer Adsorption on Catalytic Sites, Deborah Myers, Argonne National Laboratory

ElectroCat Consortium

  1. ElectroCat (Electrocatalysis Consortium), Piotr Zelenay, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Deborah Myers, Argonne National Laboratory
  2. ElectroCat: Durable Mn-Based Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Catalysts for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Hui Xu, Giner, Inc.
  3. ElectroCat: Advanced Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Cathode Engineering for High Power Density and Durability, Shawn Litster, Carnegie Mellon University
  4. ElectroCat: Highly Active and Durable Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Oxygen Reduction Reaction Electrocatalysts Through the Synergy of Active Sites, Yuyan Shao, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
  5. ElectroCat: Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Engineered Framework Nano-Structure Catalyst, Prabhu Ganesan, Greenway Energy, LLC

Membranes/Electrolytes

  1. Advanced Materials for Fully Integrated Membrane Electrode Assemblies in Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Yu Seung Kim, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  2. Advanced Ionomers and Membrane Electrode Assemblies for Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells, Bryan Pivovar, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  3. Highly Efficient and Durable Cathode Catalyst with Ultralow Platinum Loading through Synergetic Platinum/Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Catalytic Interaction, Di-Jia Liu, Argonne National Laboratory
  4. FY17 SBIR II Release 1: Novel Hydrocarbon Ionomers for Durable Polymer Electrolyte Membranes, William Harrison, NanoSonic, Inc.
  5. Lab Call FY18 (Membrane): Spirocyclic Anion Exchange Membranes for Improved Performance and Durability, Bryan Pivovar, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  6. Lab Call FY18 (Membrane): Stable Alkaline Membrane Based on Proazaphosphatranes Organic Super Base, Gao Liu, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  7. Lab Call FY18 (Membrane): High Performing and Durable Pyrophosphate-Based Composite Membranes for Intermediate-Temperature Fuel Cells, Cortney Kreller, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  8. Membrane Working Group, Bryan Pivovar, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Yu Seung Kim, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  9. Cyclic Olefin Copolymer-Based Alkaline Exchange Polymers and Reinforced Membranes, Chulsung Bae, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  10. Advanced Anion Exchange Membranes with Tunable Water Transport for Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Michael Hickner, Pennsylvania State University
  11. Polymerized Ionic Liquid Block Copolymer/Ionic Liquid Composite Ionomers for High Current Density Performance, Joshua Snyder, Drexel University
  12. Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes from Electrospun Crosslinkable Poly(Phenylene Sulfonic Acid)s, Ryszard Wycisk, Vanderbilt University
  13. Novel Non-Perfluorosulfonic Acid Proton Exchange Membrane for Fuel Cell Application, Taoli Gu, Xergy Inc.
  14. Molten Hydroxide Dual-Phase Membranes for Intermediate Temperature Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Patrick Campbell, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  15. Lab Call FY19: Electrode Ionomers for High Temperature Fuel Cells, Michael Hibbs, Sandia National Laboratories

Fuel Cell Performance and Durability

  1. FC-PAD: Fuel Cell Performance and Durability Consortium, Rod Borup, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  2. Novel Ionomers and Electrode Structures for Improved Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Electrode Performance at Low Platinum-Group-Metal Loadings, Andrew Haug, 3M Company
  3. Durable High-Power Membrane Electrode Assemblies with Low Platinum Loading, Swami Kumaraguru, General Motors
  4. High-Performance Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Electrode Structures, Mike Perry, United Technologies Research Center
  5. Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assemblies with Ultra-Low-Platinum Nanofiber Electrodes, Peter Pintauro, Vanderbilt University

MEAs, Cells, and Other Stack Components

  1. Novel Structured Metal Bipolar Plates for Low-Cost Manufacturing, Conghua "CH" Wang, TreadStone Technologies, Inc.
  2. FY18 SBIR IIB: Ionomer Dispersion Impact on Advanced Fuel Cell and Electrolyzer Performance and Durability, Hui Xu, Giner, Inc.
  3. Facilitated Direct Liquid Fuel Cells with High-Temperature Membrane Electrode Assemblies, Emory DeCastro, Advent Technologies, Inc.
  4. Lab Call FY18 (Reversible Fuel Cell): Microstructured Electrodes and Diffusion Layers for Enhanced Transport in Reversible Fuel Cells, Jacob Spendelow, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  5. Lab Call FY18 (Reversible Fuel Cell): Bipolar Membrane Development to Enable Regenerative Fuel Cells, Todd Deutsch, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  6. Lab Call FY18 (Reversible Fuel Cell): Technology-Enabling Materials, Cell Design for Reversible Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Nemanja Danilovic, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  7. Novel Bifunctional Electrocatalysts, Supports, and Membranes for High Performing and Durable Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cells, Nemanja Danilovic, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  8. Efficient Reversible Operation and Stability of Novel Solid Oxide Cells, Scott Barnett, Northwestern University
  9. High-Efficiency Reversible Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells, Hui Xu, Giner, Inc.
  10. Durable, High-Performance Unitized Reversible Fuel Cells Based on Proton Conductors, Meilin Liu, Georgia Institute of Technology
  11. Stationary Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Using Pure Methanol, Xianglin Li, University of Kansas
  12. Lab Call FY19: Low-Cost Gas Diffusion Layer Materials and Treatments for Durable High-Performance Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Rod Borup, Los Alamos National Laboratory
  13. Lab Call FY19: Solid Phase Processing for Reduced Cost and Improved Efficiency of Bipolar Plates, Chris Smith, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Testing and Technical Assessment

  1. Performance and Durability of Advanced Automotive Fuel Cell Stacks and Systems with State-of-the-Art d-PtCo/C Cathode Catalyst in Membrane Electrode Assemblies, Rajesh Ahluwalia, Argonne National Laboratory
  2. Fuel Cell Systems Analysis, Brian James, Strategic Analysis, Inc.
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